[Brian's Igloo of Cold Fusion]
A Dictionary of Nuclear Terms

In creating Brian's Igloo of Cold Fusion, I realized I was using lots of words that I had to look up in a dictionary to see what they meant. So, I decided to build a dictionary right into the Igloo.

These words are basic words dealing with atoms and elements and stuff like that. If there's a word that's not on here that you don't understand, you can e-mail me and tell me to put it on here. I'll do that, if it's a word relating to cold fusion. If it's some adjective or something that's not specifically used in nuclear physics, I probably won't put it on here. In that case, you might have to use the WWWebster Dictionary.

If I have something mixed around or not quite right in my definitions, please let me know! You can reach me at abodeman@yahoo.com.

barium
An element containing fifty-six protons and varying numbers of neutrons. Barium is a by-product of nuclear fission of uranium-235.
- WebElements: Barium

chain reaction
A reaction which, once started, will produce a material or substance necessary to continue the reaction. An example is nuclear fission. Once a fission reaction is started, neutrons are released, which cause more nuclei to undergo fission, which release more neutrons, and so on.

cold fusion
A hypothetical form of nuclear fusion which takes place at room temperature, as opposed to hot fusion.
- What Is Cold Fusion?

deuterium
A form of hydrogen which contains one proton and one neutron. Deuterium is used in fusion, sometimes in conjunction with tritium. It differs from the other forms of hydrogen, protium and tritium, by the number of neutrons it contains.

fission
The process by which a nucleus of a heavy element, such as uranium, splits into two smaller nuclei, such as barium and krypton, and several neutrons. Much energy is also released. The opposite of fission is fusion.
- What Is Cold Fusion?

fissionable
Able to undergo nuclear fission, as uranium-235.

fusion
The process by which two nuclei of light elements, such as hydrogen, fuse together to form a heavier nucleus, such as helium, and a neutron. This process creates much energy. Fusion is the opposite of fission.
- What Is Cold Fusion?

gamma ray
A form of radiation, similar to the X-ray, emitted by the nucleus of a radioactive atom.

helium
One of the lightest elements, second only to hydrogen. Helium is one of the harmless by-products of nuclear fusion. It is also used in balloons and will make your voice squeaky if you inhale it. Don't inhale too much, though. Your body needs a little oxygen, too.
- WebElements: Helium

hot fusion
The normal form of fusion which takes place at very high temperatures, as opposed to cold fusion. Also known as thermonuclear fusion.
- What Is Cold Fusion?

hydrogen
The lightest of the elements. Hydrogen occurs in three forms: protium, deuterium, and tritium, which differ in the number of neutrons they contain.
- WebElements: Hydrogen

krypton
An element containing thirty-six protons and varying numbers of neutrons. Krypton is a by-product of nuclear fission of uranium-235.
- WebElements: Krypton

neutron
An electrically neutral "building block" of atoms, found in the nucleus of the atom, along with protons. Neutrons are emitted in nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

nucleus (plural: nuclei)
The central core of an atom, composed of protons and neutrons. The nucleus is the part of the atom which splits in nuclear fission and fuses with another nucleus in nuclear fusion.

plasma
A highly energetic state of matter not naturally found on earth, except for brief moments during such phenomena as lightning, but apparently forming more than ninety-nine percent of all the matter in the universe. Plasma contains an approximately equal number of electrically positive and negative charges, and normally some electrically neutral particles as well. Plasma is formed during hot fusion.

protium
The common form of hydrogen, having one proton and no neutrons. Protium differs from the other forms of hydrogen, deuterium and tritium, by the number of neutrons it contains.

proton
A "building block" of the atom, having a positive elecrical charge, found in the nucleus of the atom, along with neutrons. The number of protons in an atom determines what element that atom is.

radioactive
Emitting radiation, as in the case of many forms of uranium. Radioactivity is caused by changes occurring in the nucleus of the atom.

tritium
The heaviest form of hydrogen, containing one proton and two neutrons. Tritium is sometimes used in nuclear fusion, in conjunction with deuterium. It differs from the other two forms of hydrogen, protium and deuterium, by the number of neutrons it contains.

uranium
A heavy element, containing ninety-two protons and varying numbers of neutrons. Uranium-235, containing one hundred forty-three neutrons, is used as a fuel in nuclear fission. Many forms of uranium are radioactive.
- WebElements: Uranium

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